Annual Report

This includes the policies and measures, the accomplishments, and the status of the Fisheries Management Area 8 and the fish stocks therein. In accordance with Section 16, Department of Agriculture-Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (DA-BFAR) Fisheries Administrative Order 263, series of 2019, each Fisheries Management Area Management Body shall submit an annual report on or before the 15th of February each year to the DA-BFAR

Management Body Resolutions

Policy Instruments (Resolutions, Agreements, Internal Rules of Procedure) decided and approved by the Fisheries Management Area 8 Management Body for the purpose of protection, conservation, and sustainable science-based management of fisheries in our jurisdiction.

Fisheries Management Area 8 Enforcement Plan

The Fisheries Management Area (FMA) 8 takes pride in being the first to develop a law enforcement plan under the FMA Framework. Aptly titled, OPLAN “Foxtrot Mike Alpha 8” FISHERY LAW ENFORCEMENT OPERATIONS PLAN FOR FISHERIES MANAGEMENT AREA 8, the plan was passed and adopted by the FMA 8 Management Body (MB) through the following relevant FMA 8 MB Resolutions:

Resolution No. 2021 – 0002: A Resolution Approving and Adopting the Law Enforcement Plan of the Fisheries Management Area 8 Implementing Sections 6 and 9 of the Fisheries Administrative Order No. 263, series of 2019.

Resolution No. 2020 – 0001: A Resolution Approving the Enforcement Cluster and the Drafting of the Enforcement Plan of the Fisheries Management Area 8 implementing Section 6 of the Fisheries Administrative Order No. 263, series of 2019.

To be effective in its mission, the plan will involve all stakeholders in Regions 8 and 13 (Caraga) to prevent, contain, and eradicate illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing (IUUF) activities in the contiguous municipal waters and waters beyond 15 kilometers of FMA 8. The strategies for the operationalization of the plan were clearly defined and are anchored on harmonized policies and guidelines on the implementation of fisheries and environmental laws; enhancing monitoring, control, and surveillance capabilities, sharing of information, human and material resources for collaborative planning and enforcement efforts; building of assets and joint training and capability enhancement of enforcement agencies and other stakeholders; and the development of information, and lessons from success and challenges for mentoring and dissemination of these to the people.

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Stock Assessment Results

Stock assessments are the backbone of science-based, transparent, and sustainable fisheries management. This shows the status and condition of fish stocks including the top species of fish in the Fisheries Management Area 8.

Reference points are benchmarks used to compare the current status of a fishery management system against a desirable (or undesirable) state.

Types of reference points: Limit reference points (LRPs): A benchmark that defines an undesirable biological state of the stock. To keep the stock safe, the probability of violating an LRP should be very low.

Target reference points (TRPs): A benchmark that defines the target fishery state that should be achieved and maintained.

Trigger/threshold reference points (TriRP): A benchmark that triggers a pre-defined management response to help the fishery remain close to the target reference point (TRP) and avoid breaching the limit reference point (LRP). Typically set between the TRP and the LRP.

Source: What are Reference Points? Harvest

Definition of Terms

% Mature – length where 90-100% of the population have reached sexual maturity or the percentage of individuals in a population who have attained the Lm (Length of Maturity) 90-100%.

Lopt – refers to the optimal size where only a few individuals in a population are harvested in order to reach the maximum biomass. Hence, Lopt ±10% is the optimum harvest range.

% megaspawner – those species 10% larger than the Lopt. They are more fecund and their eggs have a high chance of surviving into larvae.

LBar – means length or the average sizes caught compared against the published length at first maturity.

F/M – the ratio between fishing mortality against the natural mortality.

CPUE – Catch Per Unit Effort or the average catch converted into net daily of ordinary fisher

Vessel Monitoring System

Enhancing and modernizing the monitoring of fishing operations and law enforcement activities within the FMA 8, installation of Commercial Fishing Vessel/ Gears License (CFVGL) Monitoring system is currently spearheaded by the BFAR Regional Fisheries Information Management Centers (RFIMCs) and the FMA 8 Law Enforcement Cluster through the BFAR Monitoring, Control and Surveillance (MCS) Sections.

For Eastern Visayas, a total of 88 fishing vessels (61 small scale and 27 are medium scale) have been installed with the VMS100, and seven (7) Port and Coastal Monitoring System (PCMS) Type II are placed at the Provincial Fishery Offices in Northern Samar, Eastern Samar, Samar, Southern Leyte and Biliran, Borongan Tilapia Hatchery in Eastern Samar, and at the Fisheries Protection and Law Enforcement Group (FPLEG) Carigara Substation in Leyte. While, PCMS Type I construction at the BFAR 8 Regional Office in Diit, Tacloban City is nearly completed.

In Caraga, 28 fishing vessels (16 small scale and 12 are medium scale) have been installed with the VMS100, and five (5) Port and Coastal Monitoring System (PCMS) Type II were stationed at PFOs San Agustin, Surigao del Sur and San Jose and Dinagat Islands, Masao Aquaculture Center in Butuan City, CFLC Surigao City, and at the City Agriculture Office of Bislig, Surigao del Sur. Likewise , PCMS Type I is under construction at the BFAR Caraga Regional Fisheries Information Management Center in Masao, Butuan City.

Once fully established in the said regions, the Integrated Marine Environment Monitoring System (IMEMS) will expand and improve the current monitoring, control, and surveillance (MCS) program of the BFAR, particularly in FMA 8. Using this, BFAR will be able to track and communicate with Philippine-flagged fishing vessels in real time on a national scale, integrating communication, licensing, and law enforcement functionalities to ensure compliance with various conservation and management measures being implemented in the Philippine waters, Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), and in other Coastal States.

National Sardines Management Plan

On May 15, 2020, The Department of Agriculture through Secretary William D. Dar approved the National Sardines Management Plan (NSMP)[1].  It aims for the sustainable development of the sardine fishery industry until 2025. The Plan, a product of multi-sector collaboration and initiatives, has three main goals: (1) Improved Science-based indicators for the sustainability of fish stocks, (2) Improved distribution of benefits among sardine fisherfolk communities; (3) Strengthened science-based management for sustainable sardine fisheries by setting Harvest Control Rules among others.

Included in the Plan is its implementation in the Fisheries Management Areas (FMAs) in the Philippines, consistent with the ecosystem approach to fisheries management and the precautionary principle.

The National Sardines Management Plan 2020-2025 envisions “A sustainable and equitably-shared sardine fishery that contributes to food security and increased income through responsible management”.